Thursday, October 21, 2010

Independence of the Judicary Timeline

1787 US Constitution: during good behavior

1776 US Declaration of Independence: grievences

1773 John Adams, Works vol 3, p 522: during good behavior & quamdiu se bene gesserint*

1701 Act of Settlement: quamdiu se bene gesserint, patent for judges

1641 House of Lords petition: quamdiu se bene gesserint

1600 General Assembly of the Kirk of Scotland: ad vitam or ad culpam**

1465 De Officiis first printed

44BC Cicero writes De Officiis. Book II, i, contains quam diu and a form of gerere (to conduct)

* so long as they shall conduct themselves well. Note that gesserint is future perfect indicative. The future perfect is used in Latin conditional clauses.

** for life or until fault (see end of 1st session)

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